Marylanders have access to an abundance of water much of the time, so the importance of clean water is often overlooked. For most of us, water use is a habit. We are accustomed to having water available at the twist of a faucet. We usually do not think about how much water we use.
Average Daily Water Use
Be aware of how much water you use! Awareness is the first step in conservation. The average Maryland citizen person uses almost 100 gallons of water per person per day on the following activities:
Indoor water use by fixture is shown in the following graph:
Indoor Per Capita Use by Fixture Source: AWWA, 1999
You can determine your average daily water use by conducting a Household Water Audit.
The amount of savings depends on current water consumption habits, water, sewer and energy costs, current flow rates of fixtures and flush volumes of toilets, system pressure, and the amount of water leakage through fittings and toilets. Water can be conserved by making improvements in the home or by modifying behavior.
Retrofit or Replace Water Fixtures
Water-saving devices are economical and permanent. Low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators save valuable water and energy used to heat water without requiring changes in personal water use habits.The following chart highlights how much water can be conserved by installing water-saving equipment in place of conventional plumbing fixtures, fittings and appliances.
Repair All Leaks
A dripping faucet is more than annoying...it is expensive. Even small leaks can waste significant amounts of water. Hot water leaks are a waste of water and of the energy used to heat the water.
Leaks inside the toilet can waste up to 200 gallons of water a day. Toilet leaks can be detected by adding a few drops of food coloring to water in the toilet tank. If the colored water appears in the bowl, the toilet is leaking.
If you have a leaking faucet or toilet, stop pouring money down the drain and repair it.
Save Water In The Bathroom
Save Water In The Kitchen And Laundry Room
Save Water Outside The Home
Watering of lawns and gardens can double normal household water use during the hot, dry summer months. At standard household water pressures, a garden hose will discharge up to 10 gallons of water per minute. To apply an inch of water to 1,000 square feet of lawn or garden requires close to 1,000 gallons of water.
Watering should be limited to gardens, and newly planted lawns and landscaped areas. Established lawns and landscape plantings will usually survive without watering. Inadequate watering encourages shallow root growth and increases the risk of mortality. When water is scarce, your community or individual water supply should be reserved for your most essential needs.
Also see Swimming Pool Tips, Car Washing Tips, Home Gardener Tips, and Building a Rain Barrel (.pdf).
Save Water in the Community
For more information, contact firstname.lastname@example.org
1800 Washington Boulevard, Baltimore, MD 21230