Green Procurement and Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP)

Environmentally Preferable Products (EPP) are products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. Such products or services may include, but are not limited to, those that contain recycled content, minimize waste, conserve energy or water, and reduce the amount of toxics disposed or consumed.

Today, more and more products are made from recycled materials—from the carpeting and insulation used in office buildings, to the reams of office paper purchased each day. Buying recycled helps "close the recycling loop" by putting the materials we collect through recycling programs back to good use as products in the marketplace.

The web resources listed below contain information on manufacturers and vendors of recycled products, environmentally preferable procurement programs, case studies, green procurement starter kits, model contracts, implementation information and buy-recycled training information. These sites can be utilized by city, county, state and federal government along with private industry.

  • Co-Op America- Economic action to promote just and sustainable purchasing.
  • EcoMall -Provides a listing of green companies and products, online discussion forums and more.
  • EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines -Contains a list of products (construction, landscaping, paper, office, park and recreation, transportation, vehicular, etc), the accompanying recycled content recommendations, and information on the supplier and manufacturer of the product.
  • Green Gift Guide- How to shop for creative, environmentally conscious gifts.
  • Recycle Now -Lists information on vendors of furniture, glass products, paper, plastic products and greeting cards made with recycled content.

Training Resources

Maryland Environmental Service Buy Recycled Training

MES offers a Buy Recycled Training Manual. The manual provides governments, businesses and institutions with information on the status of buy recycled programs nationally and gives a step-by-step description of ways to start or improve a buy recycled program. It includes information on topics such as available products, price, quailty, specs, waste prevention, record keeping and evaluation.
MES can provide a half-day or full-day training program on developing a quality buy-recycled program. For more information on the manual or training, contact Richard Keller at 410-974-7254, email or visit

Northeast Maryland Waste Disposal Authority Training and Manuals

The NMWDA web site ( provides information on how to implement a recycled product purchasing program, a training manual to assist generators of recyclable materials in developing good contracts to process and market these materials, recycling vendor directory and a reuse directory.
The NMWDA offers recycling specialists to evaluate your current waste disposal program and offer suggestions on implementing or improving a recycling program. This service is only available in Baltimore City and Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard and Montgomery counties.
*The companies and web sites listed on this page are based on information provided by various agencies and organizations and does not represent an endorsement by the Maryland Department of the Environment.
For more information please contact The Resource Management Program at 410-537-3314.